It is sad that the issue of terrorism has slowly become associated with Nigeria, especially the Northern areas. We sincerely hope and pray for a way out of this sad era. One rarely goes through a newspaper without reading of an attack in a part of the country. Terrorists are among us and we have to protect ourselves and be our brother’s keeper.
Although terrorists use a variety of methods to inflict harm and create fear, bombs are used most frequently.
Suicide bombing is an operational method in which the very act of the attack is dependent upon the death of the perpetrator. Though only 3% of all terrorist attacks around the world can be classified as suicide bombing attacks these account for 48% of the casualties.
While these are simple and general suggestions, I hope by exercising these we can have a big impact on casualty count.
Stay calm. You are the only one who can help yourself.
Crawl under a sturdy table or a solid object if things are falling around you, and remain there for at least one minute.
Stay away from glass or fixtures, like windows, mirrors, cabinets, and electrical equipment.
Lay flat. Most explosives used by suicide bombers are designed to burst in a flower bouquet pattern to throw the shrapnel horizontally between two and six feet above the ground. This pattern increases the chances of hitting the human torso and head by a shrapnel. Therefore, the best place to be in an event of an explosion is to lay flat on the ground.
Keep your mouth open and breathe in small intervals. The most lethal aspect in an explosion is not shrapnel or heat, it is the blast overpressure. The blast wave travels at supersonic velocity and severely affects the air-filled organs like lungs, kidneys, and bowels. We naturally tend to take a deep breath and hold it in emergencies. However, this proves lethal in a bombing situation, since our lungs become like a pressurized balloon to be ruptured by the blast wave. The majority of victims in a typical suicide bombing die from internal bleeding in the lungs. Only 6% on average die from shrapnel wounds. Your chances of injury with empty lungs are far smaller compared to holding your breath.
Reduce your lateral profile – while lying on the ground, try to lay on one side and use your arms to protect the exposed eye.
After the attack;
Leave the area immediately.
One event can be followed by another, so do not rush towards the blast scene.
Avoid crowds. Crowds of people may be targeted for a second attack.
Once out, keep as far away from the building as possible.
Avoid unattended cars and trucks. Unattended cars and trucks may contain explosives.
Stay away from damaged buildings to avoid falling glass and bricks.
Follow the orders of police or safety personnel. If an evacuation is ordered, leave the building as soon as you can.
Do not move seriously injured persons unless they are in obvious, immediate danger, such as a building collapse or fire.
If you or others have life-threatening injuries, such as severe bleeding, difficulty breathing, chest pain or burns, provide or seek first aid and get help from officials or others at the scene.
If you or someone else has minor injuries, seek first aid as a first step until those more severely injured can be cared for first. If possible, go to a hospital that is not in the immediate area of the blast. Hospitals closest to the blast(s) will quickly become crowded.
Listen to emergency officials at the scene. If no one is near you to give instructions and you are in the immediate area of the blast(s), leave as soon as you can.
Seek medical attention if you have any of the following problems:
Trouble walking or using an arm or leg
Stomach, back or chest pains
Blurred vision or burning eyes
Vomiting or diarrhea
Rash or burning skin
Injuries that increase in pain, redness or swelling
Injuries that do not improve after 24 to 48 hours
Help others who are hurt or need assistance to leave the area, if you are able.If you see someone who is seriously injured, seek help. Do not try to manage the situation alone.
Please feel free to add in the comments more ways you feel we can protect ourselves. Thank You.