Male Contraceptives

Male Contraceptives

One of our ardent readers demanded an article on male contraceptives. I hope this would suffice.

Contraceptive/ Family Planning methods may be categorized by the reversible methods and the irreversible methods.

The reversible methods can easily be corrected meaning when such a method is removed or discontinued fertilization can occur.

Irreversible methods are usually permanent.

Under the two categories mentioned above we have methods applicable to men.

Reversible Methods

  1. Condoms

Effectiveness ( Chances of NOT getting pregnant 86-97%)

What is a male condom?

A condom is a barrier device commonly used during sexual intercourse to reduce the probability of pregnancy and spreading sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS. It is put on an erect penis and physically blocks ejaculated semen from entering the body of a sexual partner.

Advantages of the male condom

  • Easy to get and relatively inexpensive
  • Can be discontinued at any time
  • Provides some protection from sexually transmitted diseases and HIV
  • Can be purchased without a prescription
  • Responsibility of both partners

Disadvantages of the male condom

  • Non cooperative partner
  • Some irritation or sensitivity to latex
  • Must use new condoms every sex act
  • Some men say it reduces feelings
  • Must be rolled on an erect penis before sexual intercourse, can interrupt foreplay
  • Spillage or leaking of sperm if not put on or removed correctly

Condom DO’s and DON’T’S

Do store condoms in a cool, dry, place

Do check the expiration date on pack

Do open a package gently

Do use plenty of water based lubricants

Don’t leave your condoms in the sunlight as it breaks down latex

Don’t leave your condoms in a wallet or glove compartment as heat breaks down latex

Don’t use oil based lubricants like baby oil, lotion or vaseline. Oil breaks down latex.

N.B – “Double bagging”, using two condoms at once, is often believed to cause a higher rate of failure due to the friction of rubber on rubber.


  1. Withdrawal (Coitus Interruptus)

Effectiveness ( Chance of not getting pregnant) 4 – 19%

What is withdrawal?

Contraceptive method that prevents fertilization by preventing the contact between sperm and egg. Couple engages in penile- vaginal intercourse until ejaculation is about to occur. The male partner withdraws his penis from the vagina and away from the external genitalia of the female partner.

Advantages of Withdrawal

  • Costs nothing
  • Requires no devices
  • Involves no chemicals
  • Available in any situation

Disadvantages of Withdrawal

  • Chances of getting pregnant with this method are much higher than with any method
  • Some men have difficulty telling when they will ejaculate
  • Some men may not withdraw in sufficient time
  • High risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases or infections

Irreversible Methods

  1. Vasectomy (Male Sterilization)

Effectiveness (chances of NOT getting pregnant) 99% or more

What is a vasectomy?

A surgical procedure that prevents pregnancy by blocking the passage of sperm into the ejaculated seminal fluid (cum)

Advantages of vasectomy

  • Permanent method of contraceptive
  • Highly effective method
  • Very safe surgical procedure
  • Removes the responsibility of contraception from the woman
  • No significant long term side effects
  • Does not interrupt lovemaking

Disadvantages of vasectomy

  • Usually irreversible
  • Lack of protection from sexually transmitted diseases
  • Initial cost may be expensive
  • Although unproven serious long term effects are possible





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Written by StayHealthWise


  1. Tayo · April 4, 2014

    Nice Read

  2. Jennifer · April 4, 2014

    It is still a man’s world

  3. Derek · April 5, 2014

    Very limited and obvious points. Wish you would step up and ask why is a safer and less expensive procedure such as vasectomy not covered under the Affordable Care Act whereas a more risky and expensive procedure such as tubal ligation covered? Hoping you will stand up for what is right and not merely state the obvious.

    • StayHealthWise · April 6, 2014

      Hi Derek, we are writing from Nigeria where even tubal ligation is not covered by any health policy. The points are obvious for many but gives insight and room for thought.

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