One of our ardent readers demanded an article on male contraceptives. I hope this would suffice.
Contraceptive/ Family Planning methods may be categorized by the reversible methods and the irreversible methods.
The reversible methods can easily be corrected meaning when such a method is removed or discontinued fertilization can occur.
Irreversible methods are usually permanent.
Under the two categories mentioned above we have methods applicable to men.
Effectiveness ( Chances of NOT getting pregnant 86-97%)
What is a male condom?
A condom is a barrier device commonly used during sexual intercourse to reduce the probability of pregnancy and spreading sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS. It is put on an erect penis and physically blocks ejaculated semen from entering the body of a sexual partner.
Advantages of the male condom
- Easy to get and relatively inexpensive
- Can be discontinued at any time
- Provides some protection from sexually transmitted diseases and HIV
- Can be purchased without a prescription
- Responsibility of both partners
Disadvantages of the male condom
- Non cooperative partner
- Some irritation or sensitivity to latex
- Must use new condoms every sex act
- Some men say it reduces feelings
- Must be rolled on an erect penis before sexual intercourse, can interrupt foreplay
- Spillage or leaking of sperm if not put on or removed correctly
Condom DO’s and DON’T’S
Do store condoms in a cool, dry, place
Do check the expiration date on pack
Do open a package gently
Do use plenty of water based lubricants
Don’t leave your condoms in the sunlight as it breaks down latex
Don’t leave your condoms in a wallet or glove compartment as heat breaks down latex
Don’t use oil based lubricants like baby oil, lotion or vaseline. Oil breaks down latex.
N.B – “Double bagging”, using two condoms at once, is often believed to cause a higher rate of failure due to the friction of rubber on rubber.
- Withdrawal (Coitus Interruptus)
Effectiveness ( Chance of not getting pregnant) 4 – 19%
What is withdrawal?
Contraceptive method that prevents fertilization by preventing the contact between sperm and egg. Couple engages in penile- vaginal intercourse until ejaculation is about to occur. The male partner withdraws his penis from the vagina and away from the external genitalia of the female partner.
Advantages of Withdrawal
- Costs nothing
- Requires no devices
- Involves no chemicals
- Available in any situation
Disadvantages of Withdrawal
- Chances of getting pregnant with this method are much higher than with any method
- Some men have difficulty telling when they will ejaculate
- Some men may not withdraw in sufficient time
- High risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases or infections
- Vasectomy (Male Sterilization)
Effectiveness (chances of NOT getting pregnant) 99% or more
What is a vasectomy?
A surgical procedure that prevents pregnancy by blocking the passage of sperm into the ejaculated seminal fluid (cum)
Advantages of vasectomy
- Permanent method of contraceptive
- Highly effective method
- Very safe surgical procedure
- Removes the responsibility of contraception from the woman
- No significant long term side effects
- Does not interrupt lovemaking
Disadvantages of vasectomy
- Usually irreversible
- Lack of protection from sexually transmitted diseases
- Initial cost may be expensive
- Although unproven serious long term effects are possible