1. Check your blood pressure
Blood pressure is a measurement of the force applied to the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood through your body.This applies to everyone.
You come home to find that Rita, the help has burnt your favorite lace that you planned to wear on sunday.
Sunday the driver took the wrong turn at the junction now you are stuck in traffic and getting late for that appointment.
These sort of events will definitely get your blood pumping harder especially in the environment we live in.
Your blood pressure can be measured at home, or at your health doctor’s office, pharmacies even at home if you have an accurate monitor.
Normal blood pressure is when the top number (systolic blood pressure) is between 120 to 140 and the bottom number (diastolic blood pressure) is between 80 to 90. For example it could be written as 120/80 mmHg. Any figure above 140 for systolic and 90 diastolic is high.
2. Do a self breast exam
you cannot imagine the fear and shock when i discovered a lump in my left breast. I had it removed as soon as i could only to discover pus, a sign of infection in the area where the lump was. This happened ten years ago. I am happy i found out early enough.
You should perform a breast exam at least once a month. Check for any irregularities in shape, feel for lumps, check for any leaking from the nipples. You should see your doctor if you notice anything out of the ordinary. Early detection is key to treatment of any illness.
3. Check your sugar levels
Our Nigerian diet is mostly carbohydrate based which can lead to high sugar deposits in the blood. You can check your sugar or glucose levels in your doctor’s office or with an automated blood glucose monitor.
Blood glucose for those without diabetes should be below 125mg/dl before meals and less than 180mg/dl after meals.
Blood glucose levels outside normal range may be an indicator of a medical condition.
4. Check your weight
I know most people hate to climb the scale but it is important to know your weight. It helps to keep one in check. Also you know if you are in the right weight range by calculating your Body Mass Index BMI. You can check as often as you feel comfortable with.
5. know your HIV status
It is important to know your status as it helps protect yourself and your family. Knowing your status allows you to make informed decisions regarding your future and your life. Women living with HIV can have the family they always wanted. Knowing you are HIV positive allows you to take steps to protect your unborn baby.
6. Do a pap smear
The Papanicolaou test (also called Pap smear, Pap test, cervical smear, or smear test) is a screening test used to detect potentially pre-cancerous and cancerous processes in the endocervical canal of the female reproductive system. Unusual findings are often followed up by more sensitive diagnostic procedures, and, if warranted, interventions that aim to prevent progression to cervical cancer.Women over the age of 21 years should do a pap smear every two years.
7. Get Hepatitis B Vaccinated
Hepatitis B is a potentially life-threatening liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus. It is a major global health problem. It can cause chronic liver disease and chronic infection and puts people at high risk of death from cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer.
The hepatitis B vaccine protects against hepatitis B, a serious disease that damages the liver. This vaccine is one of the recommended childhood immunizations, but many adults also need to be vaccinated.